Yale evaluates each applicant as an individual. Standardized test scores are just one of the many factors Yale considers when reviewing applications.
The SAT or the ACT with Writing is required for admission. For SATs taken in March 2016 or later, the additional essay is required. Students applying for freshman admission for fall 2017 or fall 2018 may submit either the old or the new SAT.
Yale does not participate in Score Choice for the reporting of SAT or ACT scores. You should report all scores you have received on whichever test you choose to submit. If you submit both the SAT and ACT to Yale, you should submit all scores received on both tests. The Yale-specific questions associated with the Common Application provide the space to list test results not reported on the Common Application itself.
Single-Choice Early Action
QuestBridge National College Match
*SATs and SAT Subject Tests taken in November may also arrive in time for consideration in Yale’s Single Choice Early Action program, but applicants should complete and submit Yale’s required standardized testing from previous test dates. For Single-Choice Early Action applicants who plan to take November SATs or SAT Subject Tests, admissions officers will begin the evaluation process with the official scores already on file.
A Note about the New SAT:
A redesigned SAT was given for the first time in March 2016. For freshman applicants to the Yale Classes of 2021 and 2022, we will accept either the old SAT or the new SAT and will require the essay portion on the new SAT. Applicants to the Yale Class of 2023 or later will be required to submit the new SAT with essay.
Old SAT or ACT with Writing or New SAT with Essay
SAT Subject Tests
New SAT with Essay or ACT with Writing
SAT Subject Tests
- Applicants are not required to report test results achieved prior to high school.
- Applicants wishing to self-report additional SAT, ACT, SAT Subject Test, AP, or IB Scores should use the testing section of Common Application, Coalition Application, or QuestBridge National College Match Application. If the space in this section is insufficient, applicants may use the “additional information” section and/or the Yale-specific testing section available on the Common Application and Coalition Application.
- Superscoring: When assessing SAT results, admissions officers will focus on your highest individual old or new scores from all test dates. For example, if you took the old SAT twice, your highest Critical Reading, Math and Writing scores will be considered individually. If you took the new SAT twice, your highest Evidence-Based Reading and Writing, Math and Essay scores will be considered individually. If you took both types of SAT, the admissions office will treat them separately and review the best scores on each test. When assessing ACT results, admissions officers focus on the highest ACT Composite and highest Writing score from all test dates, and also consider individual ACT subscores.
- For more information about Yale’s policy on standardized testing, please visit the Frequently Asked Questions - Standardized Testing page.
Policy on Reporting Official Scores
Applicants should submit standardized test scores to Yale directly from the appropriate test agency. If completing the last possible test date for an exam, applicants should list Yale as an official score recipient either on or in advance of the test date. Yale’s CEEB code for the SAT is 3987; the ACT code is 0618.
Students who qualify for an SAT fee waiver receive four free score reports to send to colleges with each test registration, and four flexible score reports to use any time during high school. Students who qualify for an ACT fee waiver receive four free score reports to send to colleges, but must select the four colleges when registering for the exam.
Yale will also accept official standardized test scores included with a student’s official high school transcript. Applicants planning to submit official standardized test scores via their high school transcript should work with a school counselor or registrar to ensure that the official high school transcript includes a copy of the SAT or ACT “school report” or an official high school record of a student’s scores including test type and date. A copy of the “student report” or a screen shot from a testing website will not be considered official, even if it is included with a high school transcript and/or sent from a school official. Please note: admissions office staff may take several weeks to process scores that appear on a high school transcript. These scores may display as “missing” on an applicant’s Yale Admissions Status Portal until they are processed.
Yale admissions staff may verify self-reported scores or scores submitted with a high school transcript with the appropriate testing agency or a high school official.
- SAT Subject Tests are recommended but not required. Applicants who do not take SAT Subject Tests will not be disadvantaged in the application process. We will consider your application on the basis of the other testing, and all the other information, that we receive with your application. You may wish to consider whether there are particular areas of academic strength you would like to demonstrate to the Admissions Committee. Subject Tests can be one way to convey that strength.
- Yale does participate in Score Choice for the reporting of SAT Subject Tests. You may wait to receive your score results before deciding which scores, if any, you would like to send to Yale. Please keep our deadlines in mind, however, as you consider that option. If you are applying Early Action to Yale and are taking Subject Tests on the November test date, we do not recommend using Score Choice. For November results to be considered by the admissions committee we need to receive them as soon as they are available. If you are submitting all of your ACT with writing results, you may send whatever SAT Subject Tests you like and you are not required to submit any SAT scores.
- AP examination scores are recommended but not required. If you have Advanced Placement (AP) scores, we recommend that you self-report them in the space provided in the testing section of the Common Application, Coalition Application, or QuestBridge National College Match Application.
Testing for Non-Native English Speakers:
Students at Yale must be able to express themselves fluently in spoken and written English. If you are not a native English-speaker and you have not taken at least two years of secondary education where English is the medium of instruction, Yale strongly recommends that you take any one of the proficiency tests listed below.
The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), is offered in several formats and requires pre-registration for available testing dates. Yale’s most competitive applicants will have TOEFL scores of at least the following:
- 100 on the internet-based TOEFL
- 600 on the paper-based TOEFL
- 250 on the computer-based TOEFL
Please note that results from the November test (for Single-Choice Early Action) or the January test (for Regular Decision) may not arrive in time for the committee’s consideration. Be sure to include Yale’s CEEB code (3987) on all test registrations.
The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) and the Pearson Test of English (PTE) offer proficiency tests in locations around the world. Pre-registration is required. Yale’s most competitive applicants will have IELTS scores of 7 or higher and Pearson Test scores of 70 or higher.
Applicants may also submit the Duolingo English Test, which combines an English proficiency test with a brief video interview. Duolingo’s technology and format allows applicants to complete the test at any time or place, as long as they have Web access. The interview portion of this test is not scored, but Yale’s most competitive applicants will have scores above 75 in the multiple-choice answer portion of the test.